You might have visit the airport and seen an aircraft parked or probably you have used it as a form of transport from one destination to another and may be wondering why an airplane has wings as compare to other form of transport.

Well, Wing in aeronautics is an airfoil that helps lift a heavier-than-air craft. When positioned above the fuselage (high wings), wings provide an unrestricted view below and good lateral stability. Parasol wings, placed on struts high above the fuselage of seaplanes, help keep the engine from water spray.

Wings are mostly constructed using aluminum but they can also be made using wood covered with fabric. Some aircrafts wings are made using a magnesium alloy. In modern aircrafts, stronger and lighter materials are used in wing constructions and throughout the airframe.

Wings made of carbon fiber also exist and there are also aircraft wings that are made using a combination of materials to provide maximum strength.

The internal structures of aircrafts wings are usually made of stringers and spars running spanwise and formers or bulkheads and ribs running chordwise – leading edge to trailing edge.

Spars are important structural members of an aircraft wings. They support distributed loads and concentrated weights like the landing gear, engines, and fuselage.

The skin carries part of the load imposed during flight. It is also responsible for transferring the stress to wing ribs.


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